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production process sponge iron

PRODUCTION OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS

account for more than 90% of the world production of iron and steel powders, viz. the Höganäs sponge-iron process and the water-atomizing process. The former process is based on reduction of iron ore, yielding a highly porous sponge-iron which subsequently is comminuted to powder. The latter process is based on atomization of a stream of liquid iron (or steel) by means of a jet of

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Sponge Iron an overview ScienceDirect Topics

A majority of steel produced in the world is created through pig iron production. Sponge iron. Removing oxygen from the ore by a natural process produces a relatively small percentage of steels in the world. This process uses less energy and is a natural chemical reaction method. The process involves heating the naturally occurring iron oxide in the presence of carbon, which produces

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SPONGE IRON PLANT

The major Raw Materials required for production of Sponge Iron by the rotary kiln process are: sized graded Iron Ore and Non-Coking coal. Limestone, in small quantities, is also required to scavenge the sulphur. IRON ORE The quality requirement of Sized ore for sponge iron production can be classified into:- spongeitc 2 1) Physical requirements:- Strength and granulometry are the two

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Sponge Iron Production Process Arij Trading

Market share: About 23% of sponge iron total production. 4) Tunnel furnace process . This process is the oldest direct reduction method. In this method, Thermal coal is mixed with iron ore as a reducing agent. Natural gas generates the required reduction temperature, and reduction is performed on Silicon Carbide (SiC) Crucibles in a tunnel furnace.

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Direct reduced iron

Direct reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) into iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or coal. Many ores are suitable for direct reduction. Direct reduction refers to solid-state processes which reduce iron oxides to metallic iron at temperatures below the melting point of iron. Reduced iron derives its name from these processes, one example bein

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Sponge iron making process SlideShare

09/11/2014 Sponge iron making process 1. ALBERTUS SEPTYANTOKO 2712100014 2. IRON ORE • Iron = 65-67 % • SiO2 + Al2O3 = 2-3 % • CaO + MgO = 0,5-1 % • Sulphur = 0,02 % max • Phosphorus = 0,04 % max Chemical Composition • Size = 5-18 mm • Shatter Index = +95 % • Tumbler index = +88 % • Reducibility Index = +94 % • Thermal Degradation Index = 5 % Physical Composition

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Sponge Iron an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Direct reduction iron or sponge iron is an old method for producing hydrogen (Milne et al., 2006; Peña et al., 2010; Biljetina and Tarman, 1981) that was replaced by more efficient and economic processes.Recently, the interest in sponge iron as a hydrogen production process has grown again, although the technology still has some major technical and economic challenges to overcome (Milne

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Iron Sponge Process an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Maurice I. Stewart Jr. PhD, PE, in Surface Production Operations (Third Edition), Volume 2, 2014 9.4.2.1 Application. The iron sponge process is economically applied to gases containing small amounts of H 2 S (< 300 ppm) operating at low to moderate pressures in the range of 50-500 psig (344.7-3447 kPa). This process does not remove CO 2.

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Sponge Iron an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Direct reduction iron or sponge iron is an old method for producing hydrogen (Milne et al., 2006; Peña et al., 2010; Biljetina and Tarman, 1981) that was replaced by more efficient and economic processes.Recently, the interest in sponge iron as a hydrogen production process has grown again, although the technology still has some major technical and economic challenges to overcome (Milne

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(PDF) Different processes of Sponge Iron production A Review

22/02/2013 2D CFD model of rotary kiln of sponge iron process is developed to study the effects of angle of inclination, number of rotation and mass flow rate of iron

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sponge iron process

29/07/2010 In general sized iron ore of 5-18mm is used in the process of manufacture of sponge iron on all types of rotary kiln with +16mm not exceeding 15-20%.The mean particle size of iron ore shall be restricted to 11mm in order to achieve uniform Fe metallic of all grain size fraction of the product. The mean particle size ratio of iron ore to feed coal shall be in the range of 1.2 to 1.5 depending

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PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF SPONGE IRON

Process for production of sponge iron by direct reduction of iron ore wherein iron ore admixed with a carbonaceous reducing agent is passed through a rotary kiln countercurrent to a gas stream, and wherein granular coking high volatile coal is injected co-current to said gas stream as a solid reducing agent by means of oxygen containing gases through an inlet pipe, and said solid reducing

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Sponge Iron Sambhv Steel

Our production process also ensures that the sponge is free from dust caused during material handling. Sponge Iron; Process ; Supply; Sponge Iron. Sponge iron is a highly processed form of iron ore that contains metallic iron in the range of 83-88% obtained by direct reduction through reaction with carbon in the form of coal at approx. 1100 degree Celsius. Due to high porosity, the resulting

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SPONGE IRON PRODUCTION FROM ORE -COAL COMPOSITE

Tunnel kiln furnace are evolving as an alternative to Rotary kiln process. Iron ore fines and the low grade beneficiated iron ore cake are directly used for manufacturing of sponge iron in tunnel kilns. The material bed in Tunnel kiln being stationary, it does not require high strength and thermal stability of the raw material. This gives the opportunity for charging composite pellets or

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Powder Production Technologies Powder Metallurgy Review

The sponge iron process. The longest established of these processes is the sponge iron process, the leading example of a family of processes involving solid state reduction of an oxide. In the process, selected magnetite (Fe3O4) ore is mixed with coke and lime and placed in a silicon carbide retort.

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Sponge Iron Industry: An Analysis

Sponge iron, also known as Direct Reduced Iron (DRI), is a product that is produced by subjecting iron ore to a reduction process. Di-rect-reduced iron has a slightly higher iron content, which often makes it better suited for use in the electric furnace route of steel mak- ing. Recently, the bottom-line of major steel manufacturers in India has been impacted due to sharp rise in raw material

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iron manufacturing process” I. SOURCE, DEFINITIONS AND

Output of the production process, which does not meet quality requirements. Applicability This methodology applies to project activities that utilise waste heat released from furnace(s)/kiln(s) in a sponge iron manufacturing facility to pre-heat raw material(s) before feeding it into the furnace(s)/kiln(s).

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CASE STUDY ON THRESHOLD PROBLEM Sponge Iron Production

Sponge Iron Production Process Process description This is the case study of typical coal based sponge iron plant of 500 tonne per day capacity. The process flow diagram (PFD) of the sponge iron process is shown in Fig. 1. Different streams in the PFD are assigned individual number and henceforth each stream will be referred through its respective number. Detailed operation of this plant is

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SPONGE IRON PRODUCTION FROM ORE -COAL COMPOSITE

Tunnel kiln furnace are evolving as an alternative to Rotary kiln process. Iron ore fines and the low grade beneficiated iron ore cake are directly used for manufacturing of sponge iron in tunnel kilns. The material bed in Tunnel kiln being stationary, it does not require high strength and thermal stability of the raw material. This gives the opportunity for charging composite pellets or

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SPONGE IRON INDUSTRY

India is the world’s largest producer of sponge iron, accounting for 13 per cent of the global production 8. Sponge iron is produced using either coal or natural gas. Since coal is available in India, the sector largely depends on coal based sponge iron which contributes

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US3212876A Method for the production of iron powder from

iron production sponge iron powder Prior art date 1963-04-22 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Expired Lifetime Application number US275794A Inventor Hulthen Sven Ingvar Wahlberg Yngve Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be

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Sponge Iron Production Line Buy Sponge Iron Production

Direct Reducing Iron (DRI) Process. Process drawing. Introduction of direct reducing iron (DRI) process. The heat source is natural gas or heavy oil, petroleum coke (anthracite) as reducing agent, iron powder more than 68% Fe3O4 (can add 50% scale).

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CASE STUDY ON THRESHOLD PROBLEM Sponge Iron Production

Sponge Iron Production Process Process description This is the case study of typical coal based sponge iron plant of 500 tonne per day capacity. The process flow diagram (PFD) of the sponge iron process is shown in Fig. 1. Different streams in the PFD are assigned individual number and henceforth each stream will be referred through its respective number. Detailed operation of this plant is

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Powder Production Technologies Powder Metallurgy Review

The sponge iron process. The longest established of these processes is the sponge iron process, the leading example of a family of processes involving solid state reduction of an oxide. In the process, selected magnetite (Fe3O4) ore is mixed with coke and lime and placed in a silicon carbide retort.

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Coal Base DRI Operation: Process Description and flow

07/08/2016 Description of Sponge Iron Manufacturing Process Most of the plants in India use DRI process—a solid state direct reduction process by which iron ore is reduced to sponge without phase change. Raw material mix-iron ore, dolomite and coal are fed to one end of rotary Kiln as well as some fine coal also fed from discharge end and product sponge iron along with char is taken out from the

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Sponge Iron Industry: An Analysis

Sponge iron, also known as Direct Reduced Iron (DRI), is a product that is produced by subjecting iron ore to a reduction process. Di-rect-reduced iron has a slightly higher iron content, which often makes it better suited for use in the electric furnace route of steel mak- ing. Recently, the bottom-line of major steel manufacturers in India has been impacted due to sharp rise in raw material

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Sponge Iron Manufacturer India

Sponge Iron also called Direct reduced iron (DRI), is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) to iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or coal. Many ores are suitable for direct reduction. Direct reduction processes can be divided roughly into two categories: gas-based, and coal-based. In both cases, the objective

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Direct Reduced Iron and its Production Processes IspatGuru

16/03/2013 DRI production process. The DRI production process involves the intimate mixing of prepared (sized) iron ore with a reductant, which is also generally used for heating of the ore bed to the temperature needed to achieve adequate reduction rates. The reductant can be a gas or a solid. Major DRI production processes are either natural gas based or coal based. Feed material for the DR process

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